Olga talks about her experience of cancer treatment at the EMC Radiation Therapy Center. She had the best impression of her doctor and clinic in general. Details in her video review.
I underwent chemotherapy and radiation therapy in Israel for stage 3 Hodgkin’s lymphoma. There were 8 courses of chemotherapy and they went more or less smoothly. Radiation therapy was more difficult. As long as the chest was irradiated, it was normal. But when they began to irradiate the stomach, I vomited so that one vertebra was displaced. In general, the treatment gave the results I expected. Now I feel much better.
I was treated in Prague for sarcoma. Everything is well organized. After proton therapy, I felt much better. Now it is necessary to be examined periodically so as not to miss a possible relapse.
My husband and I have been to many clinics. A tumor located at the base of the brain was found in Italy. We tried to get to proton therapy in Prague, but they didn’t accept us right away. First, radiation therapy is performed, and if it is ineffective, treatment with protons is prescribed.
Лікар-консультант відповість на всі ваші запитання щодо вартості лікування, вибору лікаря та повністю організує лікування за кордоном.
Professor, has 10 scientific publications on radiology and oncology in medical journals.
Member of organizations such as:
European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC)
Turkish Oncology Group TOG
American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO)
American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO)
European Association of Neuro-Oncology (EANO)
European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology (ESTRO)
Published in foreign scientific journals (National Library of Medicine, NLM)
Radiation therapy is one of the methods of treatment of oncological diseases, which is based on the effect of ionizing radiation on the tumor. A feature of modern radiotherapy is a clear dependence of the effect on the power and accuracy of the equipment used for procedures.
Ionizing radiation has a damaging effect on all cell structures, including its membrane and DNA chain. The result is a decrease in cell viability and a violation of the process of its division. The sensitivity of cancer cells to the effects of ionizing radiation is higher than that of healthy cells in the human body. This feature allows you to destroy a malignant tumor with minimal harm to surrounding tissues.
Both methods involve remote irradiation of the problem area. The differences relate to the intensity of the impact. Radiation therapy is carried out in a course of several sessions, which are performed with a certain frequency. The duration of the course is from 1 to 7 weeks. The method of radiosurgery involves the rapid destruction of the tumor in one session.
In both cases, specialized installations – linear accelerators – are used for irradiation. For the needs of radiosurgery, linear accelerators have built-in collimators that make it possible to irradiate small targets of complex shape, including those located near radiosensitive intracranial structures.
The main criterion for choosing the most appropriate intensity of exposure is the size of the cancer node. With the radiosurgery method, relatively small tumors can be removed at one time. The size limit is introduced due to the fact that the destruction of tissues is accompanied by the release of toxins into the blood and lymph, which are utilized with the participation of the kidneys and liver. Volumetric malignant neoplasms are best removed in several sessions. This allows the body to cope with intoxication without overloading the vital organs.
Each type of radiation therapy has a number of features that determine the range of indications and contraindications for their use in oncology. For example, for the treatment of malignant neoplasms, gamma therapy and X-ray irradiation are most often used due to their ability to penetrate tissues to a given depth and have a predictable dose-dependent effect on the tumor.
One of the areas of gamma therapy is the gamma knife. The method involves the use of sources of high-intensity gamma radiation, capable of creating significant doses of radiation in deeply located tumors and thus destroying the entire cancerous node. A gamma knife is used to remove tumors of any size and location, including the treatment of brain cancer.
CyberKnife is a radiosurgical system that uses x-rays and gamma radiation. The system monitors the localization of the tumor in real-time, which shifts during breathing or muscle contraction. Tumors of the lungs, intestines, and prostate can serve as an example. This increases the accuracy of the impact on the cancerous tumor and contributes to the preservation of the viability of the surrounding healthy tissues. The size and depth of the tumor is not a limitation for the use of Cyberknife.
Exposure to neutron radiation is effective in patients with radioresistant tumors that are resistant to ionizing radiation. Some forms of brain cancer, salivary gland tumors, soft tissue sarcomas, and most recurrent and metastatic malignancies are often radioresistant.
The use of protons accelerated to high energies in synchrophasotrons for the treatment of oncological diseases is a promising direction in medicine. With this treatment method:
Proton therapy is prescribed for the treatment of all types of benign and malignant neoplasms. But first of all, the use of the method is advisable in the detection of radioresistant tumors and, if necessary, the second course of radiation therapy, when the patient has already received the maximum possible dose of radiation, but complete removal of the tumor has not been achieved.
It’s no secret that the appearance of medical equipment decommissioned abroad is a real technological breakthrough for the hospital. However, the results of treatment with such equipment do not always meet the expectations of cancer patients.
Experts Medical recommend considering medical centers in Turkey, Prague, Israel for treatment. For example, the cost of radiotherapy in Turkey is approximately the same as in the CIS countries. At the same time, Turkish clinics update equipment every 5 years, and a variety of complex devices for radiotherapy and radiosurgery allows you to accurately select the device for a specific type of tumor. In Prague, prices for proton therapy are the lowest in Europe. At the same time, the treatment is carried out in compliance with high-quality standards.